Department of Pulmonology and Sleep disorders at Udai Omni provides evaluation and treatment for chest conditions and diseases such as lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea, pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, respiratory failure, chronic bronchitis, lung infections, chronic pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema,etc
The following are some other common conditions that pulmonologists also diagnose and treat:
The airways get inflamed causing wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing.
Damage and dilation (widening) of the large bronchial airways. About half of all cases in the United States today are caused by cystic fibrosis.
Inflammation of the airways, usually caused by infection
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Is a group of lung diseases involving airway inflammation, lung tissue damage, and limited airflow. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the most common forms of COPD.
When a patient suffers from productive cough with excessive mucus over a period of time
Damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs, where the lungs are unable to completely deflate.
Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)
Includes a long list of chronic lung disorders. Breathlessness ,dry cough are common to many of these disorders. ILD is usually a progressive condition.
Occupational Lung Disease
Caused by exposure to irritating or toxic substances in the work environment.
Progressive scarring of lung tissue caused by exposure to microscopic fibres of asbestos.
Byssinosis (Brown Lung Disease)
Obstruction of the small airways that results in severely impaired lung function. Common cause is dust from hemp, flax and/or cotton processing.
Acute or chronic inflammation of the airways caused by exposure to an inhaled allergen, such as mold, bacteria, or fungi.
A lung disease caused by exposure to silica dust in mines, foundries, blasting operations, and stone, clay and glass manufacturing.
A genetic condition obstructs the clearance of mucus from the bronchi resulting inland infections
Thickening and scarring of the lungs, specifically in and around the small blood vessels and air sacs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Rheumatoid Lung Disease
Rheumatoid arthritis can also damage the lungs, causing inflammation of the lining of the lungs (pleuritis), accumulation of fluid around the lungs (pleural effusion), rheumatoid nodules (small lumps) in the lungs, and scarring of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis).
Sarcoidosis – Granulomas
Tiny lumps of immune cells, that can grow and clump together in organs, affecting how these organs function. Sarcoidosis usually starts in the lungs or lymph nodes, but it may eventually affect other organs.
Pulmonologists often perform the following exams and tests to help determine a lung-related diagnosis.
- CT scan
- Chest Fluoroscopy
- Chest Ultrasound
- Pleural Biopsy
- Pulmonary Function Test
- Pulse Oximetry Test
- Sleep Study